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19/ 2010
Bonn, 10.05.2010


Apprenticeship situation 2010

BIBB President Kremer: "More flexibility and commitment required from all those involved in order to deliver good opportunities for training"

Although opportunities for those seeking an apprenticeship this year are not bad, even given the current economic situation, the President of the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB), Manfred Kremer, feels that flexibility and commitment are required from all those involved. Mr. Kremer was speaking on the occasion of "Training Place Day", held on 11 May. "I advise young people to consider related occupations and alternatives rather than concentrating exclusively on training occupations which are particularly popular. I appeal to the companies to adopt a committed approach towards supporting trainees and fostering their progress. This is the only way of securing a permanent supply of young skilled workers and of establishing long-term competitiveness. We need trainees to have the broadest possible skills base and the highest possible qualification. A successful vocational orientation process is also important in this regard. This should be carried forwards by schools, companies, government bodies involved in labour administration and not least via the initiative displayed by young people themselves. It should provide an environment in which the young people are able to test themselves and prove what they can do in practical situations."
BIBB is also pressing ahead with the modernisation of the dual system of vocational education and training in Germany. The plan is to launch 11 modernised occupations on 11 August 2010. Some of these have undergone fundamental updating.
In order to promote vocational orientation, BIBB is currently offering assistance to experts at vocational training centres and is providing information on the opportunities available within the scope of the 50 million euro "Vocational Orientation Support" programme funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF).

Over the course of the past 15 years, BIBB has acted on behalf of the Federal Government by working in conjunction with experts nominated by the employers' associations and trade unions to develop 82 new occupations and update a further 230. BIBB President Kremer stresses the close degree of collaboration which has taken place with the Federal Government, the federal states, the employers' associations and the unions. He also emphasises the practically related and future oriented nature of the provision of dual training occupations for small firms, large companies and for the young generation in particular. "We require a high degree of readiness on the part of companies to provide training, especially in new training occupations. Plenty of support also needs to be offered, especially for young people who experience difficulties when setting out on their occupational pathway and who perhaps do not directly fulfil all the desirable prerequisites." Kremer concluded his appeal to the companies by pointing out that many young people did not unfurl their potential until they were involved in company practice and that this sometimes required time.

As far as the young people themselves are concerned, Manfred Kremer's advice to them was to find out about possible occupations as early as possible, identify their own interests and abilities, test out these interests and abilities in practical placements and be prepared to consider alternatives to their "dream occupation". "It is still the case", he continued¬, "that around a third of young men and more than half of young women are crowding into the ten most popular occupations for their respective genders. In doing so, young people are denying themselves a whole range of opportunities. As far as young women in particular are concerned, my recommendation would be to display more interest in so-called "MINT" occupations (a German acronym for "Mathematics, Information Technology, Science and Technology"). This is an area where future requirements will be great."
A list of the ten modernised training occupations entering into force from 1 August 2010:

  • Cooper
  • Bookseller (may be subject to change)
  • Gunsmith
  • Geomatics technician
  • Milk technologist
  • Papier technician
  • Equine manager
  • Hunting ground supervisor
  • Sailmaker
  • Technician in heavy-duty fabric goods manufacturing
  • Surveying technician

Comprehensive descriptions of the modernised training occupations for 2010 are contained within a brochure of the same name issued by BIBB. This German language brochure may be downloaded free of charge at

 For further English language details on the "Vocational Orientation Support" programme and BIBB's information provision, please visit
 BIBB has also demonstrated the advantages of dual vocational education and training by conducting a cost-benefits analysis. This shows that average net costs per trainee are just under €3,600, around 40 percent lower than in the year 2000. This is due to that fact that companies are organising training in an increasingly cost effective manner and are deploying trainees earlier and more frequently for productive activities. For further English language information, please consult the 8/2009 Edition of the BIBB Report at

Further facts, figures and analyses relating to the vocational education and training system in Germany were also published (in German) at the end of April in the BIBB Data Report 2010 ( )

 Reprint free of charge - voucher copy requested.


Last modified on: July-27-10


Publisher: Federal Institute for Vocational Training (BIBB)
The President
Robert-Schuman-Platz 3
53175 Bonn

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