30/2017 | Bonn, 17/08/2017
Demographic change, ongoing digitalisation of the world of work, the trend towards higher school leaving qualifications and an increasingly heterogeneous pupil body all constitute multifarious challenges which need to be met by dual vocational education and training and vocational schools alike. All of this was reason enough for the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB), to embark upon an investigation of the current situation of the vocational schools as a learning venue and of the various approaches adopted in the federal states and to undertake a national comparison. Important points emerged in two areas in particular. These were the recruitment and initial and continuing training of teaching staff and the necessity of extensive cooperation, i.e. good harmonisation between the two learning venues of the company and the vocational school.
The BIBB investigation is based on existing data, literature research, secondary analyses and case studies involving expert interviews with ministries of education and cultural affairs and vocational schools. Seven occupations were selected as examples in order to conduct a more precise observation of the schooling situation. These were bricklayer, construction mechanic, mechanic in plastics and rubber processing, information technology specialist, hotel clerk, hunting ground supervisor, and milliner. Within the scope of these occupations, the investigation traced pupil numbers, looked at the structure of vocation-related teaching, and identified possible forms of cooperation between learning venues. The results show the following:
Because the situation in the individual federal states varies due to regional differences, the particular characteristics of individual training occupations and the contrasting ways in which vocational school teaching is organised, it is not possible to arrive at a catch-all solution. However, the BIBB investigation is able to reach the following overarching conclusions:
A BIBB “Academic Research Discussion Paper” entitled “The vocational school in the dual system—data, structures, concepts” (WDP 185) is available for download free of charge at www.bibb.de/veroeffentlichungen/de/publication/show/8367 (in German only).
Dr. Monika Hackel
Specimen copy requested if printed.