The term Open Science refers to the idea of structuring the whole of the research process in a public way from initial hypothesis to publication of results. Sources, data and methods applied become visible both to other researchers and to interested members of the public. This is accompanied by clear documentation in plain language. The aims are to make specific research projects comprehensible and reproducible and to present the research process itself in a more transparent way. Open Science therefore affects parties such as specialist academic publishing houses, research organisations and providers of funding as well as the researchers. Open Science enables research issues to be incorporated more effectively into public debate and vice versa.