Vocational education and training

Vocational education and training

Vocational education and training is the key to personal development, social participation, employability, and capacity to compete.

Wednesday, April 5, 2023

Quality Initiatives of Intermediary Institutions

Chambers, employers’ associations and other intermediary institutions make an indispensable contribution to ensuring and promoting the quality of company-based training through various measures. A DEQA-VET-project is now attempting to investigate quality initiatives at the intermediate level.

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Issue 4 of BWP magazine
Monday, November 7, 2022

BWP – Training the trainer

Training staff make a valuable contribution to the training and socialisation of the future’s skilled workers. This issue of BWP focuses on the acquisition and training of vocational training staff and on which old and new requirements need to be managed along the way.

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Cover BWP 3/2022
Monday, August 8, 2022

BWP 3/2022 – Flexibilisation

BWP shows solidarity with Ukraine and adapts its cover for this issue. In terms of content it investigates the question as to the ways in which greater flexibility is useful or even necessary for an effective and modern VET system without, however, jettisoning fundamental principles.

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Friday, July 23, 2021


How can sustainability – as to its social, economic and ecological dimensions – be enshrined structurally within the education system, and how can it be made an active and integral part of practice? The issue of BWP sheds light on the key role of VET with regard to implementing the 2030 Agenda aims.

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Monday, July 5, 2021

Virtual Conference on Employer Engagement

The international conference hosted by "Education and Employers" took place under the motto "Preparing Young People for the Future". BIBB Director of Research and Vice President, Prof. Hubert Ertl, analysed the role of employers in initial and continuing vocational education and training in Germany.

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Friday, April 30, 2021

Impacts of the coronavirus pandemic

The coronavirus pandemic is creating major challenges for VET. The crisis has shed a clearer light on existing problem situations, and the pressure to seek solutions has generated considerable momentum too. How much of this momentum will be retained and go on to leave a lasting mark on VET?

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Friday, February 5, 2021

Core competencies

The articles included in this issue discuss the interplay between core competencies and occupation-specific professional knowledge and skills and illustrate how core competencies can be fostered in company-based initial and continuing training.

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Thursday, September 10, 2020

Training in Germany as investment to counter the skilled worker shortage

The German economy suffers from a lack of skilled workers in the labour market. Two of the most important options to cover the skill demand of firms are apprenticeship training and the recruitment of already trained workers from the external labour market. The study examines both options.

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Wednesday, December 11, 2019

2019 development of the training market

Due to demographic trends, the demand from young people for dual training positions has fallen to under 600,000 for the first time. There was also a fall in the number of training positions on offer as well as newly concluded dual training contracts.

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Monday, December 2, 2019

BWP 6/2019 published

This issue of BWP looks at how the examination system can keep pace with the shift that is taking place in vocational education and training and at the challenges that need to be overcome in this regard.

Wednesday, September 25, 2019

BIBB Conference: Economics of Vocational Education and Training

The BIBB hosts its second conference on the economics of vocational education and training on November 7th and 8th 2019 in Siegburg. The conference will bring together researchers from all related fields to discuss the most recent empirical and theoretical results on this subject.

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Monday, September 2, 2019

50 years of the BBiG – a guarantor of high quality

The Vocational Training Act entered into force 50 years ago on 1 September 1969. BIBB President Esser marked the occasion by stating that the law is a guarantor of high-quality VET.

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Tuesday, July 30, 2019

BWP 4/2019 published

What role do values-based and socially responsible behaviour play in business and the world of work? How can values be integrated into vocational education and training?

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Tuesday, February 19, 2019

Occupational advancement with VET—men at a clear advantage

Around eleven percent of skilled workers in Germany who have completed dual VET carry out higher level tasks for which a higher qualification is typically required. Men have a clear advantage over women, as the new issue of BIBB REPORT shows.

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Wednesday, February 13, 2019

Upper secondary certificate, and then what?

In light of the rising numbers of higher education students, the BIBB has conducted a study into which pupils are more likely to commence a programme of vocational education and training despite being having a higher education entrance qualification.

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Wednesday, January 9, 2019

Development of training allowances in 2018: Higher increases again

In 2018, training allowances based on collective wage agreements increased across Germany by an average of 3.7%. The increase was thus stronger than in 2017 (2.6%). Throughout Germany, the average training allowance was €908 gross per month. This is shown by a BIBB analysis.

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Wednesday, December 12, 2018

BIBB analysis of the training market development in 2018

More company-based training places on offer, more newly concluded training contracts, but also more unfilled training positions as well as an increase of men and decrease of women applying for trining positions – the are the results of the BIBB analysis of the training market development in 2018.

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Tuesday, December 11, 2018

VET Data Report Germany 2016/2017

The development of the German VET system and more specifically of the dual system relies on regular data collection. The Data Report of the BIBB is a selection of most relevant and actual data on the German VET system.

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Wednesday, November 14, 2018

Overview of the German VET system

BIBB’s English website has been complemented by a new section on the German vocational education and training (VET) system. In addition, important terms can now be looked up in a VET glossary.

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Thursday, August 16, 2018

Trainees abroad – Analyses on mobility in dual training occupations

Vocational education and training across borders: In the latest issue of its specialist journal "BWP" with a special focus on international mobility, the BIBB carries out a more detailed investigation of how many trainees in which occupations avail themselves of the opportunity to train abroad.

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Friday, August 3, 2018

BWP 4/2018: Learning in foreign countries

International mobility of learners in VET is in increasing demand. What are the associated expectations, and what benefits can a period of time spent abroad offer? The articles included in this issue trace policy debate.

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