Transitions to training and work

Transitions to training and work

Information on the transitional system is available here. The range of topics covered includes vocational orientation, supply and demand on the labour market and permeability between vocational education and training and higher education.

Monday, August 7, 2023


The examination system is being altered by reforms and by digitalisation. The pressure to modernise is considerable. This issue sets out the current challenges and presents research results and approaches towards the further development of the examination system which have been adopted in practice.

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Monday, February 6, 2023


Although equivalence between vocational and higher education is a pressing policy endeavour, the objective remains unachieved in reality. This issue of BWP looks at the reasons for the differing degrees of esteem and investigates why these are so difficult to surmount.

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Ukrainian flag
Thursday, May 19, 2022

Ukraine: BIBB's information and support services

Our new website brings together selected information on BIBB's cooperation with Ukrainian institutions, on vocational education and training cooperation with Ukraine and on support services for participation in training and work in Germany.

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Wednesday, November 3, 2021

Gender and occupations

This issue of BWP sheds light on the causes and consequences of gender-segregating tendencies in the education and training and employment systems and explains how these can be countered.

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Friday, April 30, 2021

Impacts of the coronavirus pandemic

The coronavirus pandemic is creating major challenges for VET. The crisis has shed a clearer light on existing problem situations, and the pressure to seek solutions has generated considerable momentum too. How much of this momentum will be retained and go on to leave a lasting mark on VET?

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Friday, February 5, 2021

Core competencies

The articles included in this issue discuss the interplay between core competencies and occupation-specific professional knowledge and skills and illustrate how core competencies can be fostered in company-based initial and continuing training.

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Tuesday, May 26, 2020

BIBB goes remote

In an interview, that was first released for the re:publica 2020, BIBB President Esser answers questions about the current "systemically relevant" issues and challenges in the Corona crisis. The interview is now available on the BIBB YouTube channel with subtitles in English, Russian and Spanish.

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Wednesday, January 8, 2020

“Career Orientation for Refugees” programme to continue

As of now, inter-company training centres and comparable organisations are able to submit new applications to the BIBB within the scope of the “Career Orientation for Refugees” Programme. BOF courses may be implemented until the end of 2021.

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Wednesday, December 11, 2019

2019 development of the training market

Due to demographic trends, the demand from young people for dual training positions has fallen to under 600,000 for the first time. There was also a fall in the number of training positions on offer as well as newly concluded dual training contracts.

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Thursday, October 31, 2019

Four out of five young people are being trained in their desired occupation

The vast majority (83%) of applicants able to find a company-based training position are receiving training in their desired occupation or in one of their desired occupations. These are the findings of the representative BA/BIBB applicant survey.

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Monday, September 16, 2019

VET Trends 2019

This special English edition of BWP singles out some of the current subjects to be discussed within the professional community and by the interested public at national and international level. Included are articles on digital transformation, transitions to work and international VET reforms. 

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Friday, April 5, 2019

BWP 2/2019: Routes into occupations

The labour market in Germany is organised on the basis of the principle of the regulated occupation, and great significance is still accorded to vocational qualifications. But how successful are young people in entering working life after completing initial training?

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Wednesday, February 13, 2019

Upper secondary certificate, and then what?

In light of the rising numbers of higher education students, the BIBB has conducted a study into which pupils are more likely to commence a programme of vocational education and training despite being having a higher education entrance qualification.

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Wednesday, January 9, 2019

Development of training allowances in 2018: Higher increases again

In 2018, training allowances based on collective wage agreements increased across Germany by an average of 3.7%. The increase was thus stronger than in 2017 (2.6%). Throughout Germany, the average training allowance was €908 gross per month. This is shown by a BIBB analysis.

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Thursday, November 15, 2018

BIBB study on young people with a migration background

The third generation of young people with a migration background are just as successful in the search for a training position as young people without a migration background. The results are presented in the latest issue of the BIBB REPORT series.

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Thursday, October 18, 2018

Social environment: a critical factor in the career choice of young people

If the choice of occupation will not positively impact their status in their social environment, young people tend to stay away from the occupation concerned, even if they would have enjoyed the work it entails.

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Thursday, June 21, 2018

How can refugees be successfully integrated into training?

With a view to consulting on possible solution strategies, experts from the fields of academic research, practice and policy making spent a day discussing the current challenges which exist with regard to making vocational education and training provision available to refugees.

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Wednesday, December 12, 2018

BIBB analysis of the training market development in 2018

More company-based training places on offer, more newly concluded training contracts, but also more unfilled training positions as well as an increase of men and decrease of women applying for trining positions – the are the results of the BIBB analysis of the training market development in 2018.

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Wednesday, April 18, 2018

Training market undergoing serious change – 10th BIBB Data Report

More people now start training with higher education entrance qualifications, more training positions remain unfilled - These are the findings from the 10th and anniversary edition of the Data Report. The thematic focus of the 2018 BIBB Data Report is vocational orientation.

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Tuesday, March 27, 2018

Practical experience and individual support ease the way into training for refugees

Applicants from a refugee background are more likely to make the transition into company-based training if they receive support and assistance from mentors in the course of their search for a training position. These are the findings of a survey conducted by BIBB and Federal Employment Agency (BA).

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Tuesday, November 27, 2018

More refugees in dual VET – Skilled trades report significant growth

There has been a sharp rise in the number of foreign trainees who are citizens of one of the most common non-European asylum countries of origin. Significant growth has been reported by the skilled trades. These are the findings from a special analysis by BIBB.

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