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The aim of vocational training preparation is to impart the basic principles for the acquisition of employability skills and thus lead to vocational education and training in a recognised training occupation.
Vocational orientation is a process that has two sides. On the one hand, we have the young people who are seeking to orient themselves towards their own interests, competences and objectives. The other side consists of the requirements of the world of work.
Even if an occupation reflects the activities in which they are interested, many young people will still tend to drop it during the career choice process if insufficient social recognition appears to be on offer. This is the main outcome to emerge from a study conducted by the BIBB.
The labour market in Germany is organised on the basis of the principle of the regulated occupation, and great significance is still accorded to vocational qualifications. But how successful are young people in entering working life after completing initial training?
In light of the rising numbers of higher education students, the BIBB has conducted a study into which pupils are more likely to commence a programme of vocational education and training despite being having a higher education entrance qualification.
In 2018, training allowances based on collective wage agreements increased across Germany by an average of 3.7%. The increase was thus stronger than in 2017 (2.6%). Throughout Germany, the average training allowance was €908 gross per month. This is shown by a BIBB analysis.
More company-based training places on offer, more newly concluded training contracts, but also more unfilled training positions as well as an increase of men and decrease of women applying for trining positions – the are the results of the BIBB analysis of the training market development in 2018.
There has been a sharp rise in the number of foreign trainees who are citizens of one of the most common non-European asylum countries of origin. Significant growth has been reported by the skilled trades. These are the findings from a special analysis by BIBB.
The German-Israeli programme, a project group comprising two national Teams, is addressing the issue of the training of personnel working in vocational education and training with persons with disability.
The third generation of young people with a migration background are just as successful in the search for a training position as young people without a migration background. The results are presented in the latest issue of the BIBB REPORT series.
The development of the German VET system and more specifically of the dual system relies on regular data collection. The Data Report of the BIBB is a selection of most relevant and actual data on the German VET system.
If the choice of occupation will not positively impact their status in their social environment, young people tend to stay away from the occupation concerned, even if they would have enjoyed the work it entails.
With a view to consulting on possible solution strategies, experts from the fields of academic research, practice and policy making spent a day discussing the current challenges which exist with regard to making vocational education and training provision available to refugees.
The "Klischeefrei" initiative campaigns for a world in which the choice of occupation and degree is free from gender-specific role models. Support from companies and institutions is rising. The BIBB is also supporting career orientation free of stereotyping with Girls' Day and Boys' Day on 26 April.
More people now start training with higher education entrance qualifications, more training positions remain unfilled - These are the findings from the 10th and anniversary edition of the Data Report. The thematic focus of the 2018 BIBB Data Report is vocational orientation.
Applicants from a refugee background are more likely to make the transition into company-based training if they receive support and assistance from mentors in the course of their search for a training position. These are the findings of a survey conducted by BIBB and Federal Employment Agency (BA).
In 2017, over a third of all new training contracts were once more concluded in just ten occupations. The results indicate a highly significant gender dominance in many occupations. Information technology specialist is a new entry at number nine in the list.
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