Skilled worker shortage in the craft trades – challenges and perspectives for the vocational education and training of the future
Thinking Space 3
We will be using this Thinking Space to embark on a joint discussion of the future of dual VET in the craft trade sector with company-based experts. We will use a consideration of the skilled worker shortages actually arising in the craft trades as a starting point for exploring the nature of the upcoming challenges for economic sectors, individual branches and companies. We will also address the issues of how training vacancies can be filled in future and look at the competencies which will be needed to make dual vocational education and training robust and sustainable.
Problems on the training and labour market are escalating in the face of demographic developments in Germany. A mounting demand for skilled workers, especially at the intermediate qualification level, is being accompanied by declining trainee numbers. At the same time, matching problems are increasing because supply and demand are frequently no longer aligned.
The construction industry in particular is already being confronted with clear challenges which will inevitably be aggravated by the need to comply with climate targets. Rising housing requirements, the necessity of restoring present stock, infrastructure interventions in the area of digital, energy and transport transformation and energy measures are all placing huge capacity demands on the sector. There is an additional burden in the form of the necessity of carrying out and activating energy refurbishments to existing buildings. These actions are enshrined in law but have not yet been instigated.