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Skilled labour shortages: Mismatch in the training and labour market
The problems in the training and labour market are becoming worse in view of the demographic trends in Germany. An increasing demand for skilled workers, especially at the medium skills level, contrasts with a decreasing number of trainees. At the same time, supply and demand are often out of balance and fitting problems are increasing.
More training places offered, more young people seeking dual VET, more training contracts - but also more unfilled training places: These are the key findings of the BIBB analyses of training market development in 2017, visualized in interactive regional maps for the first time.
There will be a marked difference in the development of regional labour markets in Germany up to 2035. The reasons for this are different economic priorities in the regions and demographic changes. Current analyses by BIBB and IAB show this.
The BIBB/BA Applicant Survey shows what young people want from their future training company: the wishes are rather conservative - and can also be fulfilled by SMEs. Most importantly, a good working atmosphere and high chances of permanent employment.
A nationwide shortage in nursing and healthcare professions could occur in the near future. In 2035 labour demand would outstrip supply by around 270,000 persons. A BIBB analysis based on projections also turns its attention to possible compensatory measures.
Societal megatrends such as demographic change, shortages in and migration of skilled workers, digitalisation and academisation are particularly virulent in the nursing sector. What will be the consequences of this for skilled worker training?
The digital transformation of the world of work is accelerating job switches and structural change in Germany. The first main interim results from a research project which is being conducted by the BIBB on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) have now been presented.
Matching problems have been increasingly apparent since 2014 and change the relationship between supply and demand on the training market. What are the consequences of this, on the one hand for the recruitment of specialist personnel and on the other for young people searching for training places?
Federal Minister of Education and Research, Professor Johanna Wanka, visited the “Parliament of Vocational Education and Training” in order to discuss opportunities for strengthening vocational education and training in respect of the integration of refugees and digitalisation.