Stakeholder of the German dual vocational education system
The main stakeholders of the German dual VET systems are the federal government, the federal states, the social partners and the chambers.
The federal government…
- has legislative powers for company-based vocational education and training,
- is responsible for the content structure of the company-based element of the training occupations it has recognised,
- recognises training occupations via a legal ordinance and stipulates binding requirements for the respective training and examination in training regulations,
- funds measures for the support and innovation of vocational education and training and measures relating to the transitions at interfaces within VET,
- and promotes vocational education and training research
The federal states …
- bear full and sole responsibility for the school system in Germany,
- draw up skeleton curricula for the vocational school which are harmonised with the training regulations for company-based training,
- finance teaching staff (municipal authorities and local government districts are responsible for buildings and inventory),
- and exercise legal scrutiny of the chambers.
The social partners ...
- work together to develop proposals for the creation of new training occupations or for the modernisation of existing occupations,
- appoint experts to prepare training regulations and skeleton curricula within the respective area of responsibility,
- and conclude regulations in collective wage agreements relating to matters such as the amount of training allowances.
The chambers ...
- advise companies and trainees,
- monitor company-based training,
- ascertain the suitability of companies and trainers,
- register training contracts,
- conduct examinations,
- and set up a Vocational Education and Training Committee.
Sources used on this page:
German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) (ed): "Dual vocational education and training made visible", Bonn 2017. p. 21-24.
Hippach-Schneider, Ute; Huismann, Adrienne: "Germany - VET in Europe - 2016 Country Report". Published by BIBB in the context of ReferNet Country reports by CEDEFOP. Bonn 2016. p. 9-10.