A Joint training structure is a sort of cooperative Training that is implemented within the German dual VET system. It means that a company provides training in conjunction with another company or a training provider. This is a particularly interesting option for companies which are unable to impart all learning contents stipulated in the training regulations.
The following models are in place in order to guarantee comprehensive training.
- It is often the case that one company is the main company providing training and that only the imparting of special learning contents is performed by a second company that has been commissioned to do so. A restaurant, for example, may train a cook who is sent to a hotel restaurant to learn about hosting major events. In such circumstances, the restaurant will conclude the training contract with the trainee and append a written agreement with the hotel.
- Cooperative models in which several companies work together with a training provider have produced good results. The training provider coordinates the training and may itself also conclude the training contract. Trainees then spend a stipulated amount of time at the cooperating companies at vocational school and also complete certain sections of training with the Provider.
- One further possibility is a training association, the main function of which is to organise and administer training. The training association frequently also acts as the party providing training and concludes the training contract with the trainee. In their capacity as association members or partner companies to the association, individual firms then take on responsibility for the imparting of specific training contracts for a set period of time.
There are, therefore, various opportunities to divide up the training. In all cases, the companies involved conclude a contract to stipulate who is responsible for which parts of training. The chambers of commerce and industry or the chambers of crafts and trades are able to help with the arrangement of such cooperation agreements.