The design of vocational qualification standards is one of the key topics in current discussions and initiatives within reform processes of vocational education and training systems in Europe and worldwide. The BIBB research project addressed this issue and compared four countries with a dual training model - Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and Denmark - and two countries with a predominantly school-based training system - Portugal and Slovakia. This publication presents and discusses the procedures for developing qualification standards in the six countries and the underlying governance structures as well as an analysis of the interaction patterns of the main actors in the dual countries. It ends with impulses for international VET cooperation, thus addressing VET policy-makers and stakeholders.
Note: "Wissenschaftliche Diskussionspapiere" (Academic Research Discussion Papers) are published by the president of the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB). They are published under the respective author's name and reflect the author's opinion and not necessarily the publisher's opinion. They are protected by copyright. Their publication aims to foster discussion in professional circles.
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