Range of activities designed to help individuals to take educational, vocational or personal decisions and to carry them out before and after they enter the labour market.


  • guidance and counselling may include:

    • counselling (personal or career development, educational guidance);
    • assessment (psychological or competence/performancerelated);
    • information on learning and labour market opportunities and career management;
    • consultation with peers, relatives or educators;
    • vocational preparation (pinpointing skills/competences and experience for job-seeking);
    • referrals (to learning and career specialists);
  • guidance and counselling can be provided at schools, training centres, job centres, the workplace, the community or in other settings.


Cedefop (2008). Terminology of European education and training policy – A selection of 100 key terms. Luxembourg: Publications office. http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/en/files/4064_en.pdf [accessed 23.4.2012].