Employers’ associations and trade unions forming the two sides of social dialogue.
- the concept of ‘social partner’ originates in France and Germany and was subsequently taken up in EU circles;
- tripartite social dialogue also involves public authorities and/or representatives of civil society, NGOs, etc.
Cedefop (2008). Terminology of European education and training policy – A selection of 100 key terms. Luxembourg: Publications office. http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/en/files/4064_en.pdf [accessed 21.06.2016].
A person or organization with an interest or concern in something. In vocational education and training stakeholders include government, providers of training, industry, clients and the community.
TESDA, Philippines (2014): UNEVOC. Promoting learning for the world. http://www.unevoc.unesco.org/go.php?q=Stakeholder&context= [accessed 18.7.2016].
Series of elements whose content is defined by concerned actors. Comments: One can distinguish between several types of standards:
- competence standard refers to knowledge, skills and/or competences linked to the practice of a job;
- educational standard refers to statements of learning objectives, content of curricula, entry requirements as well as resources required to meet learning objectives;
- occupational standard refers to the statements of the activities and tasks related to a specific job and to its practice;
- assessment standard refers to statements of the learning outcomes to be assessed and the methodology used;
- validation standard refers to statements of level of achievement to be reached by the person assessed, and the methodology used;
- certification standard refers to statements of the rules applicable for obtaining a certificate or diploma as well as the rights conferred.
According to the system, these standards can be defined separately or be part of one document.
Cedefop (2008). Terminology of European education and training policy – A selection of 100 key terms. Luxembourg: Publications office. http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/en/files/4064_en.pdf [accessed 23.4.2012].