Qualification covers different aspects:
- Formal qualification: the formal outcome (certificate, diploma or title) of an assessment process which is obtained when a competent body determines that an individual has achieved learning outcomes to given standards and/or possesses the necessary competence to do a job in a specific area of work. A qualification confers official recognition of the value of learning outcomes in the labour market and in education and training. a qualification can be a legal entitlement to practice a trade (OECD);
- Job requirements: knowledge, aptitudes and skills required to perform specific tasks attached to a particular work position (ILO).
Cedefop (2008). Terminology of European education and training policy – A selection of 100 key terms. Luxembourg: Publications Office. http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/en/files/4064_en.pdf [accessed 23.4.2012].
Eurydice (2006). TESE – Thesaurus for education systems in Europe. Brussels: Eurydice. http://www.eurydice.org/portal/page/portal/eurydice/showPresentation?pubid=051en [accessed 23.11.2007].
ETF –Eeuropean training foundation (1997). Glossary of labour market terms and standard and curriculum development terms. Turin: ETF.
OECD (2007). Qualifications systems: bridges to lifelong learning [Systèmes de certification: des passerelles pour apprendre à tout âge]. Paris: OECD.
ILO – International Labour Organization (1998). ILO thesaurus [Thesaurus BIT = Tesauro OIT]: labour, employment and training terminology. Geneva: ILO. http://www.ilo.org/public/english/support/lib/tools/aboutthes.htm [accessed 23.11.2007].